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Article # : SC32

Sema Çalış, Ph.D.



Influence of irradiation sterilization on poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres containing anti inflammatory drugs


Sema Çalışa, Sibel Bozdağa, H.Süheyla Kaşa, Melike Tunçayb,  A. Atilla Hıncala


a Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey

b Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey



g-Irradiation is finding increasing use in the sterilization of pharmaceutical products. However, irradiation might also affect the performance of drug delivery systems. In this study, the influence of  g-irradiation on the physicochemical properties of two commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) [naproxen sodium (NS) and diclofenac sodium (DS)] was investigated. The drugs were incorporated in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA, 50:50; molecular weight 34 000 or 88 000 Da) microspheres. The biodegradable microspheres were irradiated at doses of 5, 15, 25 kGy using a 60Co source. Drug loading of irradiated and non-irradiated microspheres with both 34 000 and 88 000 Da polymers were essentially the same. A significant difference was noticed in the particle sizes of the irradiated as compared to the non-irradiated formulations. Notably, in release studies, the amount of active substance released from PLGA microspheres showed an increase with increasing irradiation dose. In DSC, the glass transition temperatures (Tg ) of microspheres exhibited a slow increase with irradiation dose.


Key words

Poly(lactide-glycolide) microspheres; g-rradiation; Naproxen sodium; Diclofenac sodium


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